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Texas Anthrax Situational Update

published: July 23rd 2019
source: Texas Animal Health Commission
 

Anthrax quarantines are typically lifted 10 days from vaccination or the last death

To date, 10 premises in 4 Texas counties have had animals confirmed with anthrax. Animals include the following species: antelope, goat, horses, deer and cattle. Producers have been advised on vaccinating exposed animals and instructed on the proper disposal of affected carcasses, as outlined by TAHC’s rules.

It is common to see an increase in anthrax cases after
periods of wet, cool weather, followed by hot, dry
conditions. During these conditions, animals ingest the anthrax bacteria when they consume contaminated grass and hay, or inhale the spores. Outbreaks usually end when cooler weather arrives.

There is an effective anthrax vaccine available for use in susceptible livestock (includes but is not limited to, swine, equine, sheep, goats, cattle, etc.).

Crockett, Val Verde, Sutton, Edwards, Kinney and Maverick counties

July 22, 2019

2019 Confirmed Anthrax Cases

2019 Anthrax Confirmations

Texas County

Confirmation(s) Received

1. Crockett

1

2. Kinney

1

3. Sutton

6

4. Uvalde

2

Total:

10

TAHC encourages livestock owners to consult

with a local veterinary practitioner and consider vaccinating livestock if owners live where anthrax is

historically found in

. Producers

may order anthrax vaccines directly from the manufacturer.

After exposure to anthrax, it usually takes three to seven days for animals to show symptoms of anthrax. Once symptoms begin, death will usually occur within 48 hours. Acute fever followed by rapid death with bleeding from body openings are all common signs of anthrax in livestock. Owners of livestock and animals displaying symptoms consistent with anthrax or experiencing death of animals should contact a private veterinary practitioner or a TAHC official.

Producers are encouraged to follow basic sanitation precautions when handling affected livestock or carcasses. It is recommended to wear protective gloves, long sleeve shirts and to wash thoroughly afterward to prevent accidental spread of the bacteria to people. For more information on how anthrax affects humans please visit https://www.dshs.state.tx.us/idcu/disease/anthrax/information/faqs/.

The Livestock Indemnity Program (LIP) provides benefits to eligible livestock owners for livestock deaths caused by eligible loss conditions. Anthrax is identified as an eligible disease. For more information about the LIP program visit https://www.fsa.usda.gov/Assets/USDA-FSA- Public/usdafiles/FactSheets/2019/livestock_indemnity_program -fact_sheet.pdf or call your local Farm Service Agency.

For more information about Anthrax, visit

www.tahc.texas.gov/news/brochures/TAHCBrochure_Anthrax.pdf.

Past 2019 Anthrax Situational Updates:

  • July 16, 2019 Update: https://www.tahc.texas.gov/news/2019/2019-07-16_AnthraxUpdate.pdf

  • July 9, 2019 Update: https://www.tahc.texas.gov/news/2019/2019-07-09_AnthraxUpdate.pdf

  • June 21, 2019 Initial Case: https://www.tahc.texas.gov/news/2019/2019-06-21_Anthrax.pdf

    TAHC will continue to send weekly updates as long as new cases are confirmed.

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